‘영국 개발학 집중탐구‘ 시리즈, 3번째 포스팅입니다.
‘왜 우리는 개발학을 공부하려는가?’
‘졸업 후 커리어는?’
에 대해 논합니다.
현재 전 세계적으로 퍼지고 있는 COVID-19과 국내에서 발생한 현상들도 고려하여 작성해 보았습니다.
이 ’2020 세이 개발학 시리즈’가 아무쪼록 개발학 공부하시는(하시려는) 분께 재미있게 다가가길 바라고요,
모두가 어려운 지금, 주변을 한번 더 생각하며 슬기롭게 헤쳐나간다면 좋겠습니다.
(참! COVID-19 얘기가 나와서 말인데요~
영국에서 귀국하신 세이의 학생분들께서는 단 한분도 일탈없이 2주간의 엄격한 자가격리를 지켜주시고 계십니다. 고생 많으셨습니다!:))
1) Why do we study ‘Development’?
It is about understanding our societies in a critical and well-informed manner so that we can make the world a better place for all. It is about addressing the world’s pressing problems, such as poverty and inequality, environmental degradation and ecological crisis, discrimination and racism based on gender, race, class, and sexual orientation, privatisation of health care that puts some sections of the population in a vulnerable position, privatisation of education that increases social and economic disparities, it is also about democracy and human rights, it is concerned about the exploitation of migrant workers, displacement of urban poor communities, domestic and gender-based violence, and last but not least, crisis in public health, as in the case of COVID-19, which is ravaging the world today.
From the developmental perspective, the COVID-19 outbreak is not only a public health issue, it is a developmental issue – the inadequate public infrastructures in both developed and developing countries to address a pandemic in a timely and effective manner, the lack of alertness and preparedness of governments in responding to the crisis – it has much to do with decades of over-emphasis on economic growth, at the expense of long-term healthcare, as well as research and development of treatment of infectious diseases, which can bring a country’s economy to its knees, and send the world into a global recession in a matter of months.
The issue of ‘religious fundamentalism’ as in the case of Shinjeonji Church of Jesus, as in the case of South Korea is also a developmental issue. Why are secretive sects, cults and ultra-conservative religious groups so attractive to our youth, in a country that prides itself as being in the ‘Fourth Industrial Revolution’? Is it possible that economic development cannot meet all our needs because economic affluence (wealth, materialism, consumerism) does not always go together with spiritual growth or life satisfaction and happiness? Is it even possible that the relationship between economic growth and happiness may be inverse? That is to say, the more one focuses on making money or material pursuits like consumption and material accumulation, the more one feels insecure, inadequate, empty or even lost? This is as much a philosophical issue as a development issue.
Therefore, studying ‘Development’ helps us ponder about the ‘meaning of life’, encourages us to look for solutions to life’s problems, so that we work on policies and measures that will improve our societies, and urges us to be creative in forging international cooperation and solidarity, instead of descending into rivalry and conflict. The rapid spread of COVID-19 around the world and the damage it is causing to countries, communities, economies and personal lives is a good example. Despite ‘development’, if it is uneven or lopsided, can lead to problems of public health and social inequality. If these problems are not addressed, they can lead to consequences that are much more devastating than just a country’s decline in GDP, as COVID-19 has illustrated.
COVID-19 also shows that no matter how developed or rich a country is, one lowly virus can wreak tremendous havoc – the virus does not recognise borders, social classes, races and religious differences. Therefore, the developmental question we need to ask ourselves today is: what kind of development do we want, in order to secure a safe, healthy and happy life for all? Is it possible? How can this be achieved in local communities, by nation-states and globally? To put it simply; is it more important to have self-driven cars and space travels, or a well-funded, well-equipped public health care system to respond to COVID-19 effectively?
As seen from this point of view, graduates of ‘Development Studies’ can fit into any kinds of jobs or professions in which the knowledge and skill-sets you acquire from ‘Development Studies’ can be applied. This inter-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary field of study provides you with a range of different perspectives, different ways of understanding the world, as well as a broad range of knowledge and expertise that you can apply to whatever career you embark upon. ‘Development Studies’ in other words, provide you with an intersectional frame of analysis and approach in dealing with economic, social and political challenges confronted by our world today. It provides you with a set of analytical, as well as practical skills that you can apply to the profession or career of your choice.
2) Career opportunities & paths for ‘Development Studies’
Since ‘Development Studies’ is multi-disciplinary and inter-disciplinary, it fits many different types of careers and professions. They are: mass media and communication, community and social work, the public-sector and civil service, diplomatic service and foreign relations, policy analysts and think tanks, research and consultancy, teaching and academia, international/multi-national industries and corporations, politics, international relations, civil society organisations (CSOs) and non-government organisations (NGOs), as well as international/supra-national organisations and institutions. Below are some examples:
· United Nations agencies e.g. UNDP, WHO, UNICEF, UNHCR, ILO, IOM
· Environmental Advocacy and Research e.g. Greenpeace, World Wildlife Fund, Friends of the Earth, International River Networks, Mekong River Networks
· Development Organizations e.g. Save the Children Fund, Christian Aid, Oxfam, Caritas, World Vision, Bread for the World, Plan Parenthood, Pax Christi, World Council of Churches
· Women Organisations e.g. Association for Women’s Rights in Development (AWID), Mama Cash, Asia-Pacific Women, Law and Development (APWLD), Women’s Global Network for Reproductive Rights (WGNRR), Global Fund for Women
· Research Institutes e.g. Transnational Institute (TNI), The ATOM Project,
European Nuclear Disarmament, Global Zero, International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility, Transparency Institute
· Human Rights e.g. Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International, International Coalition against Enforced Disappearances, International Commission of Jurists, International Disability Alliance, Migrant Rights International, Migrant Forum in Asia (MFA), Scalabrini Migration Centres
- And the list goes on -
세이 2020 개발학 시리즈 첫번째는~
세이 2020 개발학 시리즈 두번째는~
영국 유학을 생각하는 모든 분들께,
세이가 도움이 되어드린다면 좋겠습니다.
세이 인터내셔널(SAY International)
종각역 1번/광화문역 4번 출구 Tower 8 16층
SAY 공식사이트: www.sayinternational.co.kr
SAY 블로그: www.ukuniversity.co.kr
Tel. 02) 6339.8243